Even with the most thorough and diligent cleaning of teeth, over time, dental deposits and tartar are still formed. Sediments are of two types - soft and hard. Both of them require professional dental cleaning at the dentist.
First, a soft plaque forms - dental plaque. This happens in places where the surface does not self-clean when chewing. Small food debris and bacteria stick together, gradually hardening. The plaque hardens and turns into tartar. Then only professional teeth cleaning at the dentist will help to get rid of it.
Tartar can go deep into the gingival canal. The gums begin to bleed, flake off from the tooth, and the tooth itself begins to wobble. Only professional teeth cleaning saves from these terrible consequences of ordinary dental calculus. And dental plaque accumulates for many reasons, not only due to poor oral hygiene. If a person prefers only soft food, chews on one side of the jaw, or uses poor-quality brushes, the result will soon appear.
When should you perform professional hygiene?
According to the recommendations of the International Dental Association, pass professional cavity hygiene mouth is necessary once every six months, this allows you to timely prevent the development of caries and its complications at an early stage.
If you have undergone complex dental treatment, two preventive examinations throughout the year allow you to maintain aesthetic and functional results for a long period of time.
A visit to a hygienist before starting dental treatment is definitely recommended. Why? Firstly, carrying out preventive procedures will have a positive effect on the condition of the gums, and when placing a filling, this is a very important point. Secondly, the absence of dental plaque will allow the dentist to detect caries at an earlier stage. Thirdly, after hygienic cleaning of teeth, the doctor will be able to more accurately select the shade of the new filling, and ensure the predictability of further treatment.
Professional hygiene allows you to prevent as well as eliminate:
Cleaning in the dentist's office will help restore your teeth to their naturally white color and smoothness. In addition, further orthodontic treatment, implantation and prosthetics, as well as teeth whitening cannot do without this procedure.
How is the dental cleaning performed?
Dental cleaning (professional hygiene) consists of a series of sequential procedures aimed at preventing and treating diseases of the entire oral cavity.
1. Examination of the oral cavity
The doctor carefully examines the entire oral cavity (teeth, gums, tongue) and answers questions of interest.
2. Removal (removal) of dental plaque
Absolutely safe and painless exercise. To prepare for it, the oral cavity is irrigated with antiseptic solutions, and if necessary, local anesthesia (anesthesia) is used. And only after this is the direct removal of all types of dental plaque.
The ultrasonic scaler creates vibrational movements and effectively separates the calculus from the tooth surface without damaging the enamel.
The Air-Flow device removes plaque using an aerosol jet (a mixture of fluoridated water and a special powder) applied to the tooth surface. At the same time, not only the visible surfaces of the teeth, but also the interdental spaces are qualitatively cleaned. Also, with the help of Air-Flow, a healing hydromassage of the gums is carried out.
To polish the surface of teeth after removing plaque and calculus, miniature brushes, rubber cups and special pastes are used.
The result is smooth, shiny teeth.
After cleaning and polishing, the teeth are covered with a protective fluoride film (gel, varnish). This increases the stability of the tooth enamel and is an additional prevention of caries.