The modern assortment of toothbrushes is simply huge, and in most cases the choice is made according to the principle: a pleasant color, a suitable price and a manufacturer often flickering in advertising, but these are the most unnecessary facts of choice, if you still focus on its effectiveness!
No matter how great the temptation to buy "natural", but the bristles of a toothbrush must be made of artificial fiber.
Bacteria multiply inside every natural hair - they are made from pig bristles, so these brushes are unhygienic and can contribute to the development of diseases in the oral cavity.
Also, natural bristles are too soft. And their tips cannot be rounded, so their sharp edges can injure the enamel and gums.
How to choose a toothbrush for hardness
The degree of stiffness of a toothbrush's bristles is determined by the diameter of the fiber from which it is made - the larger the diameter, the harder the brush will be.
The hardness of the toothbrush must be indicated on the package. It can be very soft (ultrasoft, extrasoft), soft (soft), medium (medium), hard and very hard (hard).
A very soft toothbrush is needed for children under 5 years old and people with increased tooth sensitivity.
Soft brush - for children from 5 to 12 years old, as well as with severe bleeding, swelling, soreness of the gums, with abrasion of the hard tissues of the teeth.
Medium-hard toothbrush - for children over 12 years old and adults.
Hard and very hard toothbrushes cannot be used without a doctor's recommendation, as they can injure the gums and cause abrasion of the hard tissues of the teeth, and their bristles are not flexible enough to penetrate well into the interdental spaces and under the gums.
For daily use, doctors recommend toothbrushes with a short working part, covering 2-2,5 adjacent teeth. The length of the head of toothbrushes for children is from 18 to 25 mm, for adults - no more than 30 mm.
These toothbrushes are easy to manipulate in the mouth and clean hard-to-reach tooth surfaces.
The toothbrush needs to be changed regularly - even on the artificial bristles bacteria settle.
Medium-hard brushes can be used within 3 months, while those with soft bristles should be replaced after 1–2 months.
To the choice toothpaste should also be approached carefully, not blindly trusting advertising.
For example, the phrase "healing paste" is deceit. She cannot defeat the cause of the disease, even if the tube says that she is treating gingivitis (inflammation of the gums) with medicinal ingredients.
Sometimes they write that the paste is natural, does not contain preservatives and therefore is safe, for example, for children ... Natural pastes are not produced. Without preservatives, the pasta would go bad very quickly and would have to be kept in the refrigerator.
Study carefully what is included in the paste. Do not be intimidated by phrases such as "tin chloride". This compound reduces the sensitivity of the hard tissue of the tooth, kills bacteria more effectively than the advertised triclosan. Sodium lauryl sulfate - on the contrary, it is harmful
But remember: pastes with antibacterial properties can be used without interruption for no more than three weeks. Otherwise, along with harmful bacteria, good bacteria will die, dysbiosis will begin.
It is often written that the paste whitens teeth. Pastes do not whiten, but only brighten the tooth surface, colored after drinking tea, coffee, tobacco, for example, due to the hydrogen peroxide contained in them. Pastes containing abrasives (chalk, soda, dicalcium phosphate, aluminum, silicon, etc.) can be used to brush your teeth only once a week! Otherwise, the enamel is erased, painful wedge-shaped defects form.
Everyday use of whitening paste will only harm your teeth, unlike"Office" whitening.
Pay attention to the paste abrasion index (RDA): its maximum allowable value is 200.