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Late dental implantation

Dental implantation involves the implantation of an element made of high-quality medical titanium in place of the missing tooth. The coating of such an artificial tooth root promotes engraftment in the hole, and over time, after installing a crown on it, the implant completely replaces the lost tooth.

Depending on the patient's clinical picture and indications, there are three options for the timing of implantation of dental implants:

Early (or it is also called immediate implantation) is performed at the same visit as the extraction of the tooth.

Delayed implantation - performed in the interval from 2 weeks to 3 months after tooth extraction.

Late implantation implies the installation of an implant after 3 months or more.

An artificial tooth (implant) consists of three parts - a titanium root, an intermediate piece (abutment), and a crown that is put on the abutment. Therefore, the installation of dental implants requires two stages - surgical (implantation of the implant into the jaw) and orthopedic (prosthetics with single crowns or bridges).

The advantage of late implantation is the fact that after 3 months the bone tissue has a high density, since after the loss of a tooth, the hole is re-mineralized and rebuilt.

But late implantation also has its drawbacks. Due to the long absence of load on a certain area of ​​the jaw, bone atrophy occurs, which contributes to a deficiency of bone tissue for the installation of the implant.

Usually delayed for a long time dental implantation is a necessary measure when the patient for a long time, for some reason, does not decide on surgical intervention.

To achieve the desired result, dentists recommend carrying out dental implantation from two to six months after tooth extraction, when an active process of bone formation is taking place at the site of the extracted tooth. But nevertheless, if the patient needs late implantation, then there are procedures for bone augmentation and sinus lifting (an operation on the upper jaw to increase the volume of bone tissue in the event of a lack of it for fixing a dental implant).